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Federal Income Tax Changes - For the 2021 Tax Year (Course Id 1792)

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Author : Paul Winn, CLU, ChFC
Status : Production
CPE Credits : 6.0
IRS Credits : 6
Price : $53.95
Passing Score : 70%
Course Type: NASBA QAS - Text - Technical - NASBA Registry - IRS Enrolled Agents - Registered Tax Return Preparers
Primary Subject-Field Of Study:

Taxes - Taxes for Course Id 1792

Description :

Each year, various limits affecting income tax preparation and planning change. Some changes commonly occur each year as a result of inflation indexing, while others occur because of new legislation or the sunsetting of existing law. This course will examine the tax changes that took effect as a result of passage of the Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement Act of 2019 (SECURE Act), the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) and the inflation-changed limits effective for 2021 that are more significant from the perspective of an income tax preparer. Some context will be supplied, as appropriate, to assist readers in understanding the changes.

Usage Rank : 0
Release : 2021
Version : 1.0
Prerequisites : None.
Experience Level : Overview
Additional Contents : Complete, no additional material needed.
Additional Links :
Advance Preparation : None.
Delivery Method : QAS Self Study
Intended Participants : Anyone needing Continuing Professional Education (CPE).
Revision Date : 15-Feb-2021
NASBA Course Declaration : Participants must complete the final examination within one year of purchase and with a minimum passing grade of 70% or better to receive CPE credit unless otherwise noted on the Course History page (i.e. California Ethics must score 90% or better). After logging in click on the Course History links on your My Courses page for the Begin date and Expire date for the Final Exam.
Approved Audience :

NASBA QAS - Text - Technical - NASBA Registry - IRS Enrolled Agents - Registered Tax Return Preparers - 1792

Keywords : Taxes, Federal, Income, Tax, Changes, For, 2021, Tax, Year, cpe, cpa, online course
Learning Objectives :

Course Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:
  • List the 2021 changes in various amounts including the –
      o Standard mileage rates,
      o Standard deduction,
      o AMT exemption amount,
      o Limits related to income from U.S. Savings Bonds for taxpayers paying higher education expenses, and
      o Deductions for qualified long-term care insurance premiums;
  • Identify the 2021 tax credit changes affecting the –
      o Saver’s credit,
      o Earned income credit, and
      o Adoption credit;
  • Recognize the 2021 changes affecting –
      o Health Savings Account (HSA) and Archer Medical Savings Accounts (MSA) requirements and contribution limits,
      o Roth IRA eligibility, and
      o Traditional IRA contribution deductibility for active participants in employer-sponsored qualified plans;
  • List the changes effective for 2021 with respect to the –
      o Small employer premium tax credit, and
      o Applicable large employer mandate;
  • Describe the principal CARES Act provisions, including those related to the –
      o Paycheck Protection Program,
      o Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program,
      o Net operating loss (NOL) carryback rules,
      o Health savings account (HSA) rules concerning first-dollar payment for telehealth and COVID-19 testing and treatment,
      o Foreign income exclusion,
      o Section 1031 exchange timing,
      o Correction of the deductible period applicable to qualified improvement property,
      o Modification of limitation on losses for non-corporate taxpayers,
      o Limitation on business interest expense deductions,
      o Employer payments of student loans, and
      o Expansion of economic injury disaster loans (EIDLs); and
  • Apply the various CARES Act provisions affecting –
      o Recovery rebate rules,
      o Expanded tax-favored use of retirement funds,
      o Charitable contribution rules, and
      o Qualified improvement property depreciation.

Chapter 1
Changes in Various Limits

Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to:
  • Identify the individual income tax rate changes affecting taxpayers;
  • Calculate the standard mileage deductions for –
      o Use of a personal vehicle for business purposes,
      o Use of a personal vehicle to obtain medical care, and
      o Charitable use of a personal vehicle;
  • Identify the 2021 standard deduction amounts available to taxpayers;
  • Recognize the changes made to the alternative minimum tax exemption amount for 2021;
  • Apply the tax-free United States savings bond income limits for taxpayers who paid qualified higher education expenses in 2021;
  • Calculate the tax-deductible premiums for and tax-free benefits received under qualified long-term care insurance contracts;
  • Determine the amount of assets that may be passed tax-free at death; and
  • Identify the qualified business income (QBI) threshold amount.

Chapter 2
Tax Credit Changes

Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to:
  • Calculate the retirement savings contribution credit available to eligible taxpayers;
  • Recognize the rules and income limits applicable to eligibility for the earned income credit; and
  • Apply the adoption credit rules.

Chapter 3
PPACA-Related Tax Changes

Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to identify the changes effective in 2021 related to the –
  • Health flexible spending arrangement contribution limits;
  • Small business health care tax credit; and
  • Large employer shared responsibility provision.

Chapter 4
Changes in Archer MSAs, HSAs & IRAs

Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to:
  • Recognize the eligibility rules applicable to Archer MSAs and HSAs;
  • Calculate the maximum contributions that may be made to an Archer MSA;
  • Apply the tax treatment rules to contributions to and distributions from Archer MSAs and HSAs;
  • Calculate the traditional IRA tax deduction available to a taxpayer who is an active participant in an employer-sponsored retirement plan; and
  • Recognize the MAGI limits that apply to a taxpayer’s eligibility to make a Roth IRA contribution.

Chapter 5
Pandemic-Related Economic Stimulus

After completing this course, students should be able to:
  • Apply the recovery rebate tax rules;
  • Describe the tax treatment of payments to small businesses under the Paycheck Protection Program;
  • Recognize the rules related to unemployment benefits under the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance program;
  • Identify the rules concerning expanded tax-favored use of retirement funds;
  • Identify the changes to net operating loss (NOL) carryback rules;
  • Apply the changes in charitable contribution rules;
  • Describe the changes in health savings account (HSA) rules related to first-dollar payment for telehealth and COVID-19 testing and treatment;
  • Apply the rule changes to qualified improvement property depreciation; and
  • Recognize the rules related to various miscellaneous provisions, including –
      o Changes to the foreign income exclusion,
      o Section 1031 exchange timing,
      o Correction of the deductible period applicable to qualified improvement property,
      o Modification of limitation on losses for non-corporate taxpayers,
      o Changes to the limitation on business interest expense deductions,
      o Exclusion of certain employer payments of student loans, and
      o Expansion of economic injury disaster loans (EIDLs).
Course Contents :

Course Learning Objectives

Introduction to the Course

Chapter 1 - Changes in Various Limits

Chapter Learning Objectives

Introduction

Individual Tax Rates

Standard Mileage Rates

Business Use of a Taxpayer’s Personal Vehicle

Personal Vehicle Use for Charitable Purposes

Use of a Taxpayer’s Personal Vehicle to Obtain Medical Care

Moving Expenses in Military Relocations

Standard Deduction Increased

Standard Deduction for Blind and Senior Taxpayers

Standard Deduction Eligibility

Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT)

Tax Preference Items Added Back to Produce Alternative Minimum Taxable Income

Alternative Minimum Tax Exemption Amount Increased

Education Savings Bond Program

Qualified Education Expenses

Eligible Educational Institutions

Qualified Education Expenses Reduced by Certain Tax-free Benefits Received

Figuring the Tax-Free Amount

Education Savings Bond Program Eligibility Subject to Income Limits/Filing Status

Determining Taxpayer’s Modified Adjusted Gross Income

Qualified Long-Term Care Insurance Premiums and Benefits

Favorable Benefits Tax Treatment Reserved for Chronically-Ill

Tax-Qualified Long Term Care Premiums Deductible within Limits

Tax-Qualified Long Term Care Insurance Benefits Tax-Free within Limits

Social Security Taxable Earnings Limit

Maximum Capital Gain/Dividend Tax Rate Increased for High-Income Taxpayers

Estate and Gift Tax Exemption

Section 199A Threshold Amount

Summary

Chapter Review

Chapter 2 - Tax Credit Changes

Chapter Learning Objectives

Introduction

Retirement Savings Contribution Credit

Saver’s Credit Applicable to Range of Retirement Contributions

Saver’s Credit Eligibility Based on Income and Filing Status

Earned Income Credit

EIC Rules Applicable to Everyone

Adjusted Gross Income Limits

Valid Social Security Number Required

Tax Filing Status

Citizenship or Residency

Foreign Earned Income

Investment Income

Earned Income

EIC Rules That Apply if Taxpayer Has a Qualifying Child

Relationship, Age, Residence and Joint Return Tests

Qualifying Child of More than One Person Rule

Taxpayer as the Qualifying Child of Another Taxpayer Rule

EIC Rules That Apply if Taxpayer Does Not Have a Qualifying Child

The Age Rule

The Dependent of Another Person Rule

The Qualifying Child of Another Taxpayer Rule

The Main Home Rule

Figuring the Amount of the Earned Income Credit

Adoption Credit/Exclusion

Eligible Child

Qualified Adoption Expenses

The Benefit

Timing of the Credit/Exclusion

Benefit Phased-Out at Higher Taxpayer MAGI

Summary

Chapter Review

Chapter 3 - PPACA-Related Tax Changes

Chapter Learning Objectives

Introduction

Summary of Existing PPACA-Related Tax Requirements

Health Flexible Spending Arrangement Contributions

PPACA’s Individual Shared Responsibility Provision

Refundable Premium Tax Credit to Assist in Purchase of Qualified Health Plan

Eligibility for Credit

Federal Poverty Level

Qualified Health Plan

Amount of the Credit

Benchmark Plan

Taxpayer’s Expected Contribution

Calculating the Credit

Adjusted Monthly Premium

Special Rules Applicable to the Tax Credit

Reconciling Advance Premium Tax Credits

Small Business Tax Credit

Eligibility Requirements

Limitations Affect Health Insurance Premium Credit

Full-Time Equivalent Employee (FTE) Limitation

Average Annual Wage Limitation

Average Premium Limitation

State Premium Subsidy and Tax Credit Limitation

Calculating the Credit

Large Employer Shared Responsibility: The Employer Mandate

Employers Not Offering Coverage

Employers Offering Coverage

Summary

Chapter Review

Chapter 4 - Changes in Archer MSAs, HSAs & IRAs

Chapter Learning Objectives

Introduction

Medical Savings Accounts

High Deductible Health Plan Requirement

Archer MSA Contributions

Penalty for Excess Contributions

Special Rules for Employer-Installed MSAs

Archer MSA Distributions

Archer MSA Rollovers

Account Transfer Incident to Divorce

Account Transfer at Death

Archer MSA Taxation

Contribution Tax Treatment

Distribution Tax Treatment

Archer MSA Distribution Tax Penalty

Health Savings Accounts

HSA Eligibility

HSA High Deductible Health Plan Requirement

HSA Contributions

HSA Contributions from Multiple Sources

Additional Contributions for Age 55 and Older Account Holders

First-Year Contributions for New Account Holders

Maximum HSA Contributions may be Reduced

Penalty for Excess Contributions

Employer HSA Participation

HSA Distributions

HSA Rollovers

Account Transfer Incident to Divorce

Account Transfer at Death

HSA Taxation

Contribution Tax Treatment

Distribution Tax Treatment

Tax-Free HSA Distributions

Taxable HSA Distributions

HSA Distribution Tax Penalty

Individual Retirement Accounts Affected by SECURE Act

IRA Contribution Changes

Elimination of Age Cap on Traditional IRA Contributions

Taxable Non-Tuition Fellowship and Stipend Payments Considered Compensation for IRAs

Certain Foster Care Payments as Basis for Non-Deductible IRA Contribution

IRA Distribution Changes

Minimum Distributions Required at Age 72

Certain Qualified Birth or Adoption Distributions Avoid Early Distribution Penalty

Certain Inherited IRA Balances Must be Fully Distributed within 10 Years

Individual Retirement Accounts Affected by CARES Act

Early Distributions

Taxation of IRA Withdrawals Over Three-Year Period

Rollover of IRA Withdrawals Within Three Years of Distribution

Coronavirus-Related Distribution

Suspension of 2020 Required Minimum Distributions


Roth IRA Eligibility

Modified Adjusted Gross Income

Limits on Contributions

Traditional IRA Contributions by Active Participants

Tax Treatment of Contributions by Active Participants

Reduced Deductibility of Traditional IRA Contributions for Active Participants

Summary

Chapter Review

Chapter 5 - Pandemic-Related Economic Stimulus

Chapter Learning Objectives

Introduction

Recovery Rebates (Economic Impact Payments)

Paycheck Protection Program

Maximum Loan Amount

Small Business Association Covered Loan Forgiveness

Tax Treatment of Loan Forgiveness

Unemployment Benefits

Tax Treatment of Unemployment Benefits

Charitable Contributions

Qualified Contributions

Partial Above-the-Line Deduction for Charitable Contributions

Relaxation of Retirement Fund Tax Rules

Qualified Plan Loan Maximum Increased

Early Distributions

Taxation of Qualified Plan Distributions Over Three-Year Period

Rollover of Qualified Plan Withdrawals Within Three Years of Distribution

Coronavirus-Related Distribution

Suspension of 2020 Required Minimum Distributions

Modifications for Net Operating Losses (NOLs)

Qualified Medical Expenses

High Deductible Health Plans and COVID-19-Related Expenses

Additional Health Care Related Provisions

Section 911 Foreign Earned Income

Section 1031 Timing Relief

Technical Amendments Regarding Qualified Improvement Property

Limitation on Losses for Non-Corporate Taxpayers

Modifications of Limitation on Business Interest Expense

Special Partnership Rules

Exclusion of Certain Employer Payments of Student Loans

Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL)

Emergency Grants

Taxpayer Relief Act of 2020

Unreimbursed Medical Expense Threshold Lowered

Education Tax Benefits

Tax Treatment of Expenses used for PPP Loan Forgiveness

Qualified Charitable Expenses

Temporary Increase in Business Meal Deductibility

Flexible Spending Arrangements

Summary

Chapter Review

Appendix A

Glossary

CPE Taxes Course: https://www.cpethink.com/tax-cpa-courses
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