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Course Details

Passive Activity Losses from a Tax Perspective (Course Id 225)

Updated / QAS / Registry / EA
  Add to Cart 
Author : Danny C Santucci, JD
Course Length : Pages: 86 ||| Review Questions: 80 ||| Final Exam Questions: 73
CPE Credits : 14.5
IRS Credits : 14
Price : $116.95
Passing Score : 70%
Course Type: NASBA QAS - Text - NASBA Registry - IRS Enrolled Agents
Technical Designation: Technical
Primary Subject-Field Of Study:

Taxes - Taxes for Course Id 225

Description :

This passive activity loss course addresses the practical aspects of §469, including the definition and rules, and the needed skills to handle pragmatic issues. Fundamentals are reviewed, planning opportunities identified, and creative strategies discussed and evaluated along with remaining traditional approaches. The goal of this instructive program is to understand and solve problems under §469, with an emphasis on tax savings ideas. Readers will overview the proper administration of this complex and often cumbersome provision.

Usage Rank : 13750
Release : 2023
Version : 1.0
Prerequisites : General understanding of Federal income taxation.
Experience Level : Overview
Additional Contents : Complete, no additional material needed.
Additional Links :
Advance Preparation : None.
Delivery Method : QAS Self Study
Intended Participants : Anyone needing Continuing Professional Education (CPE).
Revision Date : 14-Dec-2023
NASBA Course Declaration : Participants must complete the final examination within one year of purchase and with a minimum passing grade of 70% or better to receive CPE credit unless otherwise noted on the Course History page (i.e. California Ethics must score 90% or better). After logging in click on the Course History links on your My Courses page for the Begin date and Expire date for the Final Exam.
Approved Audience :

NASBA QAS - Text - NASBA Registry - IRS Enrolled Agents - 225

Keywords : Taxes, Passive, Activity, Losses, from, Tax, Perspective, cpe, cpa, online course
Learning Objectives :

As a result of studying each assignment, you should be able to meet the objectives listed below each assignment.

Chapter 1                Overview

       At the start of Chapter 1, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Reasons for change from prior law
    * Categories of income & loss
    * Fully taxable disposition
    * Entire interest
    * Other transfers
    * Ordering of losses
    * Regular & personal service corporations
    * Real estate professionals
    * Definition of pre-enactment interest
    * Increase or decrease in pre-enactment interests
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 1, participants will be able to:
    1. Recognize the broad impact of the §469 limitation provision by:
      a. Recalling the differences between prior law loss treatment and the former and current treatment of losses;
      b. Citing the prior tax shelter problem and Congress’s motives and rationales in passing §469;
      c. Specifying economic decision-making changes caused by the limitation;
      d. Identifying income and loss into categories; and
      e. Recognizing the concept of investor participation as central in determining the allowance of a passive loss.
    2. Specify the mechanics of the passive loss rules, recognize the impact of §469 to appropriate deductions, identify what type of income may be offset by passive losses and then, determine a passive loss.
    3. Identify passive losses under §469 by:
      a. Citing the “bucket” analogy of §469 to:
        (i) specify the categories of a client's annual income and the §469 limitation’s impact, and
        (ii) determine “passive items” and “material participation” under §469;
      b. Locating portfolio income based on items deemed nonpassive under the Code; and
      c. Identifying circumstances that allow for special treatment of income and loss.
    4. Recognize the suspension of disallowed losses, identify ways to ultimately "free up" passive losses, specify the treatment of passive credits including potential basis adjustment, and determine a fully taxable disposition indicating the impact of related party transactions.
    5. Identify the impact and tax consequences of a fully taxable disposition (FTD) by:
      a. Determining an entire interest disposition, particularly for a partnership or grantor trust;
      b. Specifying the allowance of suspended losses upon installment sale, exchange, gift, or death;
      c. Selecting the order of recognized tax attributes upon an FTD; and
      d. Recognizing ways to escape the application of the FTD and other passive loss rules particularly for closely held corporations and personal service corporations that change their operations and nature.
    6. Identify which clients are or are not subject to the passive loss rules by:
      a. Specifying types of corporations to which §469 applies and citing the elements of their Code definitions;
      b. Recognizing the general rental activity rule exception and eligibility requirements
      c. Determining “pre-enactment interest,” “qualified interest” and “pre-enactment activity” identifying their §469 “phase in” treatment; and
      d. Citing §469’s effective date and recognizing the IRS’s application authority under 469(l).
Chapter 2                Material Participation

       At the start of Chapter 2, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * General rule
    * Definition of “trade or business”
    * TRA ’86 committee report guidelines
    * General rule for individuals
    * Record keeping regulations
    * Meaning of participation
    * Limited partnership interests presumption
    * Special rules for trusts & estates
    * Special rules for retired & disabled farmers
    * Special rules for corporations
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 2, participants will be able to:
    1. Identify how to avoid the application of the passive loss rules through material participation, and factors under the TRA ’86 that were considered in determining whether the taxpayer’s involvement in the operation of the activity is regular, continuous, and substantial.
    2. Specify tests provided by the initial February 19, 1988 regulations on material participation and how these tests provide useful §469 categories, determine participation and how to keep appropriate records of participation in an activity, identify exceptions to the definition of what counts toward material participation, specify the husband and wife rule associated with the passive loss rules, determine annual material participation.
    3. Recognize special applications of the material participation rule by:
      a. Citing the general rule for limited partnership interests and listing four exceptions;
      b. Recalling its current application to trusts, estates, and certain corporations including members of an affiliated group and the rules for such entities; and
      c. Determining the application of the material participation rule to retired or disabled farmers under the regulations.
Chapter 3                Activity Definition

       At the start of Chapter 3, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Tax Reform Act of 1986
    * Undertakings of old temporary activity regulations
    * Aggregation of trade or business undertakings
    * Integrated businesses
    * Aggregation of professional service undertakings
    * Control by the same interests
    * Rental real property undertakings
    * Participation unaffected
    * Final simplified activity regulations
    * Passive activity audit guide
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 3, participants will be able to:
    1. Recognize the history and rationale of the definition of “activity” by:
      a. Specifying the impact of TRA ‘86, §183, and the at-risk rules specifying differences between the former complex definition and the final simplified regulations;
      b. Identifying why it is operationally important to separate activities and how activities were originally separated under the Committee Reports; and
      c. Citing Notice 88-94’s role in determining separate activities.
    2. Identify the importance of the original undertaking rule used to determine an activity by:
      a. Recalling its legislative history including the early concepts of “undertakings,” “separate source of income production” and “support operations;”
      b. Specifying the primary undertaking rule, its key variants such as aggregate, integrated, and professional service undertakings and exceptions to the primary rule;
      c. Recognizing its provisions for controlled undertakings, permitted elective treatments and their effect on participation; and
      d. Identifying miscellaneous entity rules used for determining activities and reasonable and unreasonable methods of organizing operations.
    3. Determine the differences between the temporary, the final simplified activity regulations and their key elements by:
      a. Identifying factors used to determine whether two or more trade or business undertakings could be a single integrated business;
      b. Specifying rental activities, limited partnership activities, and partnership and S corporation activities according to their special rules, and citing conditions that permit a taxpayer to later regroup activities.
      c. Recognizing the tax consequences of inappropriate activity grouping and conditions permitting part of an activity to be a separate activity.
    4. Recognize the importance of the passive activity audit guide as a tool to avoid audit by:
      a. Specifying potential audit issues that the passive activity audit guide addresses whether or not a Form 8582 has been filed;
      b. Determining why investment interest deductions on Form 8582 and Schedule A are an indicator for an audit issue and the guide’s focus on the material participation standard;
      c. Identifying indicators of significant participation activities, misstatements of active management, and net lease arrangements;
      d. Determining when vacation rentals do not qualify for the $25,000 offset and the material participation test must be met; and
      e. Specifying self-charged expenses, rental and nonrental activity grouping, and divorce transactions that can trigger audits.
Chapter 4                Passive and Non-Passive Activities

       At the start of Chapter 4, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Trade or business
    * Rental activity exemptions
    * Rental of a dwelling unit
    * Trading personal property
    * Working interests in oil & gas exemption
    * Entities that limit liability
    * Disqualified deductions
    * Activities within activities
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 4, participants will be able to:
    1. Determine the differences between passive activities and nonpassive activities under §469 by:
      a. Recognizing a “trade or business activity” and the effect of participation on that characterization;
      b. Specifying a “rental activity” identifying conditions for a rental activity to exist and the resulting passive presumption; and
      c. Identifying exceptions to the general rule that rental activities are presumed passive.
    2. Recognize the uncertain initial characterization of an activity and its potential recharacterization by:
      a. Citing exceptions to passive activity status and their tax effect;
      b. Determining a working interest in oil and gas based on financial risk and the special exemption to qualifying working interests;
      c. Specifying forms of entities in which a taxpayer can hold an interest that is not deemed to properly limit the taxpayer’s liability when determining whether the activity is passive or nonpassive;
      d. Identifying differences between limited liability and loss protection allowing the working interest passive treatment;
      e. Specifying special oil and gas rules that can be applied when the taxpayer has disqualified deductions and the well produces a net loss and the rationale behind such rules; and
      f. Recognizing the requirement of separate accounting for portfolio income of a passive activity from other items related to such activity and citing the basis for this rule.
Chapter 5                Passive Activity Loss

       At the start of Chapter 5, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Working interest exception for husband & wife
    * Separate accounting of disallowed items for husband & wife
    * Net active income of closely held corporations
    * Affiliated groups filing consolidated returns
    * Treatment of carryover losses
    * Allocation process
    * Significant participation activities
    * Separate identification of deductions
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 5, participants will be able to:
    1. Recognize the tax treatment of a passive loss including its identification, netting, and suspension by:
      a. Determining a “passive activity loss” and its tax treatment;
      b. Identifying the appropriate passive loss tax treatment of spouses and working interests in oil or gas;
      c. Citing the special passive loss rule for closely held corporations; and
      d. Determining an affiliated group’s passive activity loss using specified items of each group member.
    2. Specify reasons why disallowed passive activity losses must be allocated among all the taxpayer’s activities producing a loss during the tax year, determine how to allocate disallowed passive activity losses and how they may be applied to multiple activities, identify the ratable portion of a loss and the ratable portion of a passive activity deduction under §469, and recognize significant participation activities and how to determine loss, if any.
Chapter 6                Passive Activity Gross Income

       At the start of Chapter 6, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Income from dispositions of property used in passive activities
    * Disposition of appreciated property formerly used in a nonpassive activity
    * Rental activities
    * Income from §481 adjustment
    * Self-charged interest
    * Exclusion of portfolio income
    * Exclusion of personal service income
    * Exclusion of oil & gas incomev * Active business recharacterization
    * Portfolio income recharacterization rules
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 6, participants will be able to:
    1. Identify passive activity gross income by:
      a. Determining “passive activity gross income” under §469;
      b. Specifying income from the disposition of property used in a passive activity including mixed or alternating use property;
      c. Recognizing the general treatment of rental activity income and gain from the disposition of appreciated property formerly used in a nonpassive activity; and
      d. Citing conditions that must be met to offset up to $25,000 per year of losses and credits related to a passive activity against nonpassive income.
    2. Recognize the income characterization impact of a taxpayer’s relationship to an activity by:
      a. Specifying the differences between active participation and material participation and the effect of changing participation;
      b. Identifying the $25,000 allowance, the aggregation of credits and deductions, allocation order, and generation of a potential net operating loss;
      c. Selecting the differences between the activity treatment of a real estate dealer and a lessor of property particularly under a net lease; and
      d. Determining the tax result of a positive §481 adjustment for an activity.
    3. Identify specialty items and unique rules that complicate the calculation of gross passive income by:
      a. Recognizing the dangers of self-charged interest and what measures can be taken to avoid this item’s passive nature identifying proposed regulations for dealing with such interest;
      b. Citing the types of portfolio income that are not included in passive activity gross income;
      c. Determining a “publicly traded partnership” for taxation purposes and how net income from such entities is portfolio income;
      d. Recognizing safe harbors to be addressed in future regulations, and
      e. Specifying types of income that are deemed compensation for personal services and their effect on portfolio income.
    4. Determine tax attributes and subsequent events that can cause a recalculation of gross passive income by:
      a. Identifying a loss from an oil and gas interest that is initially treated as nonpassive and income from a property whose basis is determined by reference to such property.
      b. Citing additional miscellaneous exclusions from passive activity gross income;
      c. Specifying types of income that are considered gross income derived in the ordinary course of a trade or business and their effect on portfolio income; and
      d. Recognizing types of recharacterization rules, what type of conversion each prevents, and identifying whether certain transactions will be recharacterized based on the tests provided by the regulations.
Chapter 7                Passive Activity Deduction

       At the start of Chapter 7, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Definition of passive activity deduction
    * Qualified residence interest deduction exclusion
    * Coordination with other deduction limitations
    * Effect of coordination
    * Losses on disposition
    * Negative §481 adjustment
    * Exceptions
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 7, participants will be able to:
    1. Determine a “passive activity deduction,” how it is processed under §469, and aggregate qualified residence interest using §469(j)(7), specify passive activity deductions with other deduction limitations, and identify effects the coordination rule has on the determination of passive activity deductions.
    2. Recognize how to account for losses on disposition according to Reg. §1.469-2T(d)(5), cite instances that require such a loss to be allocated, determine a negative §481 adjustment, and specify exceptions to the passive activity deduction.
Chapter 8                Passive Activity Credits

       At the start of Chapter 8, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Regular tax liability allocable to passive activities
    * Exception for real estate rental activity credits
    * Net active income
    * Credits subject to passive activity limits
    * Allocation of disallowed credits
    * Separate identification of credits
    * Ordering of credit limitations
    * Special rule for partners & S corporation shareholders
    * Coordination with other limitations
    * Treatment of carryover credits
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 8, participants will be able to:
    1. Determine “passive activity credits” and the regular tax liability allocable to passive activities, cite the $25,000 allowance according to the regulations, identify a closely held corporation’s passive activity credit net active income for the tax year and under §469, and determine how passive activity limitations apply to credits and how to allocate disallowed credits.
    2. Specify circumstances where separate identification of credits is required and the order of credit limitations, cite the special rule for partners and S corporation shareholders, determine how passive activity credits match with other limitations, and identify the tax treatment of carryover passive activity credits.
Chapter 9                Items Received from Pass-Through Entities

       At the start of Chapter 9, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Characterization of items received from pass-through entities
    * Payments to partners as outsiders
    * Payments to partners as partners
    * Special rules for partnership liquidations
    * Applicable valuation date for sale or exchange of interest
    * Gain and loss dispositions
    * Basis adjustments
    * Aggregation of portfolio assets & default rule
    * Tiered pass-through entities
    * Restriction on conversion of nonpassive income
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 9, participants will be able to:
    1. Identify items received from pass-through entities as passive or nonpassive according to the passive loss rules, determine a taxpayer’s participation and the application of §469 to payments to partners as outsiders and as partners, specify the tax consequences of cash payments in liquidation of a partner’s interest, and identify categories of cash payments in such a liquidation.
    2. Recognize items and events that uniquely adjust or allocate passive losses for pass-through entities and their owners by:
      a. Determining gain or loss from a sale or exchange of a partnership interest according to regulations and the applicable valuation date for such purposes;
      b. Identifying the ratable portion of any gain or loss allocable to such an entity conducted activity computing net gain or net loss and any §743(b) basis adjustment;
      c. Specifying the treatment of portfolio assets owned by pass-through entities allocating gain or loss according to regulation; and
      d. Determining the allocation of gain or loss from a disposition of an interest in a subsidiary entity and the special restriction on conversion of nonpassive income.
Chapter 10                Interaction with Other Code Sections

       At the start of Chapter 10, participants should identify the following topics for study:

    * Application of passive loss rules
    * At-risk rules
    * Investment interest
    * Characterization of passive activity income or deduction
    * Coordination with §1211
    * Husband & wife rules
    * Corporations
Learning Objectives:

       After reading Chapter 10, participants will be able to:
    1. Recognize the application and ordering interaction of §469 with other Code sections by:
      a. Specifying §469’s restricted application to deductions from passive activities;
      b. Identifying whether or when net passive losses from an activity:
        (i) are deductible against other sources of income,
        (ii) reduce a taxpayer’s at-risk amount, and
        (iii) impact attributable interest deductions;
      c. Determining how passive activity income or deduction relate to §1211;
      d. Recognizing the impact of the husband and wife rules of §§469, 704(d), 465 and 1366(d), and
      e. Identifying tax provisions requiring coordination with §469.
Course Contents :

Chapter 1 - Overview

General Limitation Provision

Prior Law

Reasons for Change

Restriction on Losses

Harm Industries

Economic Growth

Investment Goals

Non-tax Economic Motives

Economic Decision Making

Tax Shelter Inequity

Real Economic Gain or Loss

Analogy to Other Investments

At-Risk Test

Passive Loss Rules


Active Losses & Credits

Calculating Passive Loss

Categories of Income & Loss



Material Participation

Special Circumstances

Suspension of Disallowed Losses

Fully Taxable Disposition

Abandonment & Worthlessness

Related Party Transactions



Increase Basis Election

Entire Interest


Grantor Trust

Other Transfers

Transfer By Reason Of Death - §469(g)(2)

Transfer By Gift - §469(j)(6)

Installment Sale - §469(g)(3)

Activity No Longer Treated As Passive Activity - §469(f)(1)

Closely Held To Nonclosely Held Corporation - §469(f)(2)

Nontaxable Transfer

Ordering of Losses

Capital Loss Limitation


Allocation of Suspended Losses

Taxpayers Affected

Noncorporate Taxpayers

Regular & Personal Service Corporations

Definition - Temp. Reg. §1.469-1T(g)(2)(i)

Personal Services

Principal Activity

Substantially Performed by Employee-Owners

Real Estate Professionals

Eligibility Standards

Date of Enactment Phase-In (Some Ancient History)

Definition of Pre-enactment Interest

Qualified Interest

Pre-Enactment Activity

Pre-Enactment Passive Activity Loss

Pre-Enactment Passive Activity Credit

Increase or Decrease in Pre-Enactment Interests

Section 708(b) Exception


Effective Date

Chapter 2 - Material Participation

General Rule

“Trade or Business” Definition

Material Participation Standards

TRA ‘86 Committee Report Guidelines

Principal Business

Knowledge, Experience & Expertise

Involvement in Operations

Integral Efforts

Management Level

Physical Presence


February 19, 1988 Regulations

General Rule for Individuals

Record Keeping

Meaning of Participation

Exceptions to Definition - The “Unwork” Rules

Husband & Wife Counted as One

Annual Test

Pre-’87 Participation - 500 Hours

Special Rules for Entities

Limited Partnership Interests Presumption

Exceptions to Presumption

Trusts and Estates

Retired & Disabled Farmers


Affiliated Groups with Consolidated Returns

Chapter 3 - Activity Definition

History & Rationale

Tax Reform Act of 1986

Section 183

At-Risk Definition of Activity

Separating Activities

Substantially Different Products or Services

Economic Interrelationship

Separate Projects

Insufficient Integration

Particular Undertaking vs. Entity Variance

Notice 88-94

Reasonable Standard

Old Temporary Activity Regulations - A Bad Start

A Change in Direction from Legislative History




Separate Source of Income

Types of Income Producing Operations

Support Operations


Fundamental Undertaking Rule

Same Location

Same Person

Operations with No Fixed Location

Oil & Gas Interests Exception

Separate Activity

Exception to Aggregation Rules

Common Reservoir

Rental Exception to Fundamental Undertaking Rule

Rental Operations

Short-term Use Real Property

Property Available to Licensees

Exception to Aggregation Rules

Exception to the Rental Exception

Aggregation of Trade or Business Undertakings

Trade or Business Undertaking Definition

Aggregation Limitation


Coordination Rule

Common Control

Similar Undertakings

Line of Business Rule

Revenue Procedure 89-38

Business Lines

Vertical Integration

Supplier Rule

Similar Controlled Supplier/Recipient Undertakings

Recipient Rule

Employee Services

Coordination Rule

Integrated Businesses

Trade or Business Activity

Common Control

Facts & Circumstances Test

Aggregation of Professional Service Undertakings

Professional Service Undertaking

Professional Services

Gross Income Yardstick

Combined Professional Service Income

Commonly Controlled Activities

Similar or Related Services

Same Field Services

Significant Services


Non-Simultaneous Holding

Control by the Same Interests


Common Ownership Group Presumption

50% Rule

Special Aggregation Rule

Determining Ownership


S Corporation

Trust or Estate

Attribution Rules

Rental Real Property Undertakings

Flexible Rules


85/30 Tests

Condo Rule

Conveyance Test

Rental Real Estate Undertaking Defined

Personal Property

Unadjusted Basis

Real Property

Substantially Nondepreciable Property

Allowed Aggregation

Allowed Fragmentation

Consistency Rules

Pass-Through Entity

Year-to-Year Rule

Election Method

Vacation Homes

Elective Treatment of Undertakings Other Than Rental Real Estate

Participation Unaffected



Consistency Rules

Election Method

Miscellaneous Entity Rules

Corporations Filing Consolidated Returns

Publicly Traded Partnerships

Effective Date

Unreasonable Methods

Treatment of Disallowed Deductions in Succeeding Years

Final Simplified Activity Regulations

Facts & Circumstances Test

Relevant Factors

Rental Activities

Limited Partnership Activities

Partnership & S Corporation Activities



Partial Dispositions

Passive Activity Audit Guide

Indicators of Audit Issues

Investment Interest

Material Participation

Significant Participation Activities

Active Participation

Net Lease Properties

Vacation Rentals

Self-Charged Expenses

Rental & Nonrental Activity Grouping


Chapter 4 - Passive & Nonpassive Activities

Trade or Business

Characterization Based on Participation

Rental Activity


Exceptions to Passive Activity Status

Rental of a Dwelling Unit

Trading Personal Property

Non-Passive Activities

Working Interests in Oil & Gas


IDC Deduction

Entities That Limit Liability

Limited Liability vs. Loss Protection

Disqualified Deductions


Activities within Activities

Chapter 5 - Passive Activity Loss

Passive Activity Loss

Husband & Wife

Working Interest Exception

Separate Accounting of Disallowed Items

Special Rule for Closely Held Corporations

Net Active Income

Affiliated Groups Filing Consolidated Returns

Carryover of Disallowed Losses

Treatment of Carryover Losses

Allocation Process

Significant Participation Activities

Separate Identification of Deductions

Chapter 6 - Passive Activity Gross Income


Income from Dispositions of Property Used in Passive Activities

Mixed Use of Property

Alternating Use

De Minimis Use Rule - 10/10 Test

Disposition of Appreciated Property Formerly Used in a Nonpassive Activity

Installment Sales

Rental Activities

Special Rule for Rental Real Estate

Five Conditions

Active Participation

Change in Participation

Application of $25,000 Allowance Rule

Aggregation & Ordering:

Net Operating Loss


Rental v. Real Estate Activity

Net Leases


Income From §481 Adjustment

Self-Charged Interest

Passive Nature of Self-Charged Interest

Proposed Regulations

Exclusion of Portfolio Income

Publicly Traded Partnerships

Special Portfolio Treatment

Internal Offsetting

Notice 88-75

Exclusion of Personal Service Income

Definition of Compensation

Distributive Share as Personal Service Income

Exclusion of Oil & Gas Income

Continuing Exclusion after Initial Qualification

Definition of Property

Miscellaneous Exclusions

Trade or Business Income

Recharacterization of Passive Income

Active Business Recharacterization


IRS Solution - Significant Participation Income Rules

Ratable Portion of Income


Significant Participation Losses

Rental of Property Developed by Taxpayer

Self-Rented Property

Portfolio Income Recharacterization Rules

Rental of Nondepreciable Property

Equity Financed Lending Activities

Pass-through Entities Licensing Intangible Property

Limitation on Recharacterization

Chapter 7 - Passive Activity Deduction


Qualified Residence Interest Deduction Exclusion


Coordination with Other Deduction Limitations

Effect of Coordination

Losses on Disposition

Negative §481 Adjustment


Chapter 8 - Passive Activity Credits


Regular Tax Liability Allocable to Passive Activities


Exception for Real Estate Rental Activity Credits

Special Definition for Closely Held C Corporations

Net Active Income



Credits Subject to Passive Activity Limits

Allocation of Disallowed Credits

Separate Identification of Credits


Ordering of Credit Limitations

Special Rule for Partners & S Corporation Shareholders

Coordination with Other Limitations

Treatment of Carryover Credits

Chapter 9 - Items Received From Pass-Through Entities


Entity Tax Year

Payments to Partners as Outsiders

Payments to Partners as Partners

Partnership Liquidations - Special Rules

Section 736(a) Payment

Section 736(b) Payment

Sale or Exchange of Interest

Applicable Valuation Date

Allocation Process

Gain Dispositions

Loss Dispositions

Basis Adjustments

Aggregation of Portfolio Assets

Default Rule

Tiered Pass-through Entities

Restriction on Conversion of Nonpassive Income

Special Restriction

Transitional Rule

Chapter 10 - Interaction with Other Code Sections

Application of Passive Loss Rules

At-Risk Rules

Reduction of At-Risk Amount & Basis

Investment Interest

Characterization of Passive Activity Income or Deduction

Coordination with Section 1211

Husband & Wife Rules




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